Design For Readability- A Guide to Web Typography
Choosing a font can be done by virtually anyone – click on a name in a drop-down list. And yet, choosing the right font is one of the most deliberate decisions in the design process.
When designing the screen, there are many things to consider, and as technology and products advance, the design conditions will continually change. However, some things still seem to be true when it comes to typography.
Typography designers dedicate their careers to the creation of letter shapes. Experts balance things like emotion and neutrality, personality and practicality, readability, and flexibility in these tiny forms. Selecting a font for a particular design comes with a long list of considerations.
Traditionally, graphic designers have always studied the fundamentals of typography in terms of print design. But as the designer’s role extends to all types of digital media, typography is an enormous beast to tame. With the spirit of refreshing the basics, use the web typography tips below when selecting a font and formatting it for a better reading experience.
A Guide to Web Typography: The challenges of digital typography
There are few variables in how a user will interact with it when it comes to print design. A printed page will not change shape depending on the person holding it: colors can be tightly controlled, and the font will remain static. What a luxury. Digital typography is much more fluid. When typography appears on the screen, many factors contribute to its display, some of which include:
Screen size: it is impossible to predict. Responsive design aims to adapt to any slight change in dimensions. But this means that the composition can sometimes be done in vain.
Screen Resolution: Pixel density plays a significant role in text readability. Technological advances have made high-resolution displays more accessible to the masses, but designers should consider outliers with older technologies.
Screen Calibration: Brightness levels determine how colors appear on the screen. Color choices for web design should fit all types of screen settings.
Choosing the best font for on-screen reading for A Guide to Web Typography
Digital design is an elusive profession. Not so long ago, we were limited to just a few fonts compatible with low-resolution monitors.
We’ve made giant strides in our policing options. They have been designed for the screen with certain shades that improve readability. Just as printed fonts deceive the eye to increase readability, good web fonts will do the same as ink traps.
Fonts for printing are designed to be made of ink. Web fonts are designed to consist of square pixels.
It is not necessary for a drawing to be limited to universally standard fonts (Times New Roman can now be removed). There are countless options for designers to find web-safe and accessible fonts. Google fonts, Font Library, and Adobe Typekit are a few that offer easy integration and a wide range of choices.
A Guide to Web Typography : Formatting for an enjoyable reading experience
Selecting a font is just the beginning. Decisions about the length and height of lines can make or break a digital design. There are simple tips: never use all capital letters and keep the number of fonts to a minimum, but many formatting decisions are based on trial and error.
Grid Lover allows users to customize character formatting for better readability. CSS is generated on the side for easy implementation.
The ideal text size depends on the font chosen, as factors such as x-height and counter opening will impact readability. The size of the text will then determine the height and length of the line. A simple way to test the relationship between these decisions is to use tools such as Grid Lover, which uses sliders to change the appearance of each measure.
Choosing the background color behind a block of text is just as important as the color of the font itself. The contrast between the two will determine the readability of the copy. WebAIM Contrast Checker helps to quickly determine the contrast ratio of color combinations so that a palette meets accessibility standards.
A Guide to Web Typography: Never skimp on tests
A guide is practical when designing an on-screen experience, but there are too many factors to know when a design is successful without looking at it in situ. Test typography on screens and display settings at the edge of the average, such as nearly obsolete smartphones, larger high-resolution monitors, and screens with blinding brightness. Designs that pass extreme conditions are ready for full user access.
Understanding the basics for A Guide to Web Typography – Some FAQs
What is typography in web design?
Typography in web design is similar to print design but requires specific considerations to ensure readability on all screen types. Font, font size, color, line height, and letter shapes are some factors in typography that need to be carefully balanced to provide an enjoyable reading experience.
Which font is best for on-screen reading?
Fonts best suited for on-screen reading are those with distinct, open letter shapes. Proxima Nova, Georgia, and Fira have features that make it easy to read on various screens. Other factors impact the readability of a font, such as text size, line height, font contrast, and background color.
What font size should I use for a website?
The font size on a website should be appropriate to the screen size that displays it. In general, font should be 12 to 16 pt on a mobile screen, 15 to 19 pt on a tablet, and 16 to 20 pt on a desktop screen. Factors such as text size, line height, and line length should also be considered.
What is good typography?
Good typography, like good design, is invisible. The primary purpose of typography is to communicate a written message. The text should be designed to be readable and provide an enjoyable reading experience. Factors such as text size, line height, and line length are typographical elements that should always be considered.
How many fonts should a website use?
A website should keep the number of fonts to a minimum, no more than three in total. When a site has too many fonts, the user can be disoriented with so many changes in visual design. The fonts chosen should have a variety of weights and styles that can be used strategically in the user interface design.